A New World: ‘Double Jeopardy: To Be Black and Female’ in ‘The Black Woman’s Manifesto’

Francis Beal

Frances Beal’s ‘Double Jeopardy: To Be Black and Female’ in ‘The Black Woman’s Manifesto’ was a ground-breaking essay written in 1969 during movements for women’s liberation and civil rights in America and distributed as a pamphlet by The Third World’s Women’s Alliance between 1970 and 1975.